CIL Coal India Limited is an Indian state-controlled coal mining company headquartered in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. It is the largest coal producer company in the world and contributes around 82% of the coal production in India. Coal India Limited (CIL) as an organized state owned coal mining corporate came into being in November 1975 with the government taking over private coal mines. With a modest production of 79 Million Tonnes (Mt) at the year of its inception CIL today is the single largest coal producer in the world. Operating through 82 mining areas CIL is an apex body with 7 wholly owned coal producing subsidiaries and 1 mine planning and consultancy company spread over 8 provincial states of India. CIL also fully owns a mining company in Mozambique christened as ‘Coal India Africana Limitada’.
Coal India Limited (CIL)
|CIL Fullform||Coal India Limited (CIL)|
|Type||State-owned enterprise, Public company|
|Headquarters||Kolkata, West Bengal, India|
|Industry||Metals and Mining|
|Key Person||Sutirtha Bhattacharya (Chairman and MD)|
|Owner||Government of India|
|Corporate offices||COAL INDIA LIMITED HEAD OFFICE, Coal Bhawan, Premise No-04 MAR, Plot No-AF-III, Action Area-1A, Newtown, Rajarhat, Kolkata-700156|
NEW DELHI: 5th Floor, Core-I & II, Scope Minar, Laxmi Nagar District Centre, Laxmi Nagar, New Delhi 110092, India
|Fax||+91 11 26493021; +91 11 26492534|
CIL also manages 200 other establishments like workshops, hospitals etc. Further, it also owns 26 technical & management training institutes and 102 Vocational Training Institutes Centres. Indian Institute of Coal Management (IICM) as a state-of-the-art Management Training ‘Centre of Excellence’ – the largest Corporate Training Institute in India – operates under CIL and conducts multi-disciplinary management development programs.CIL having fulfilled the financial and other prerequisites was granted the Maharatna recognition in April 2011. It is a privileged status conferred by Government of India to select state-owned enterprises in order to empower them to expand their operations and emerge as global giants. So far, the select club has only seven members out of290 Central Public Sector Enterprises in the country.
Nationalization of Coal industry in India in the early seventies was a fall out of two related events. In the first instance it was the oil price shock, which led the country to take up a close scrutiny of its energy options. A Fuel Policy Committee set up for this purpose identified coal as the primary source of commercial energy. Secondly, the much-needed investment needed for growth of this sector was not forthcoming with coal mining largely in the hands of private sector. The objectives of Nationalization as conceived by late Mohan Kumaramangalam were; Conservation of the scarce coal resource, particularly coking coal, of the country by,
- Halting wasteful, selective and slaughter mining.
- Planned development of available coal resources.
- Improvement in safety standards.
- Ensuring adequate investment for optimal utilization consistent with growth needs.
- Improving the quality of life of the work force.
Key Strategic Relevance:
- Produces around 84% of India’s overall coal production.
- In India where approximately 55% of primary commercial energy is coal dependent, CIL alone meets to the tune of 40% of primary commercial energy requirement.
- Commands nearly 74% of the Indian coal market.
- Feeds 98 out of 101 coal-based thermal power plants in India.
- Accounts for 76% of total thermal power generating capacity of the Utility sector.
- Supplies coal at prices discounted to international prices.
- Insulates Indian coal consumers against price volatility.
- Makes the end user industry globally competitive.
Thus, plays a key role in “India Growth Story” and making India incorporate globally competitive.
Coal India is a holding company with seven wholly owned coal producing subsidiary companies and one mine planning & consultancy company. It encompasses the whole gamut of identification of coal reserves, detailed exploration followed by design and implementation and optimizing operations for coal extraction in its mines. The producing companies are:
- Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL), Sanctoria, West Bengal
- Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL), Dhanbad, Jharkhand
- Central Coalfields Limited (CCL), Ranchi, Jharkhand
- South Eastern Coalfields Limited (SECL), Bilaspur, Chattisgarh
- Western Coalfields Limited (WCL), Nagpur, Maharashtra
- Northern Coalfields Limited (NCL), Singrauli, Madhya Pradesh
- Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL), Sambalpur, Orissa
- Coal India Africana Limitada, Mozambique
- The consultancy company is Central Mine Planning and Design Institute Limited (CMPDIL), Ranchi, Jharkhand.
North Eastern Coalfields (NEC) a small coal producing unit operating in Margherita, Assam is under direct operational control of CIL
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