- 1 About State
- 2 About Citizen
Chhattisgarh is the 10th largest state in India with an area of 135,190 sq-km. Chhattisgarh is the 16th largest state in terms of population which is approximately equal to 2,08,00,000. The native language of people of Chhattisgarh is Chhattisgarhi.Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh in 01 November, 2000 with its 16 Chhattisgarhi speaking districts. It is an important hub for the production of steel and electrical power in India, producing about 15% of the total steel produced in India. It is surrounded by seven states : Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Orissa, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. Capital of Chhattisgarh is Raipur which is the center of all the trade, economy and administration.
There are several opinions as to the origin of the name Chhattisgarh, which in ancient times was known as Dakshina Kosala (South Kosala). “Chhattisgarh” was popularized later during the time of the Maratha Empire and was first used in an official document in 1795. It is claimed that Chhattisgarh takes its name from the 36 ancient forts in the area (chhattis—thirty-six” and garh—fort). The old state had 36 demesnes (feudal territories): Ratanpur, Vijaypur, Kharound, Maro, Kautgarh, Nawagarh, Sondhi, Aukhar, Padarbhatta, Semriya, Champa, Lafa, Chhuri, Kenda, Matin, Aparora, Pendra, Kurkuti-kandri, Raipur, Patan, Simaga, Singarpur, Lavan, Omera, Durg, Saradha, Sirasa, Menhadi, Khallari, Sirpur, Figeswar, Rajim, Singhangarh, Suvarmar, Tenganagarh and Akaltara. However, experts do not agree with this explanation, as 36 forts cannot be archaeologically identified in this region.
Chhattisgarh borders the states of Madhya Pradesh in the northwest, Maharashtra in the west, Andhra Pradesh in the south, Orissa in the east, Jharkhand in the northeast, Telangana in the south and Uttar Pradesh in the north.Most part of Chhattisgarh is covered with hills in northern and southern parts, but the central part of Chhattisgarh is fertile plain. About 44% of the state is covered by moist and deciduous forests of the Eastern Highlands Forests.The northern part of the state touches the great Indo-Gangetic plain. Rihand River, which is one of the tributaries of the River Ganga, flows through this area. The east end of the Satpura Extent and the hesperian bounds of the Chota Nagpur Upland contour an east-west course of hills that line the Mahanadi River basin from the Indo-Gangetic plains.
The State Legislative assembly is composed of 90 members of the Legislative Assembly. There are 11 members of the Lok Sabha from Chhattisgarh. The Rajya Sabha has five members from the state. The key political players in Chhattisgarh state in central India are the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party, Indian National Congress and Bahujan Samaj Party. Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly is the unicameral state legislature of Chhattisgarh state in central India. The seat of the Vidhan Sabha is at Raipur, the capital of the state.
Chhattisgarh state consists of 27 districts and 5 division. Raipur is the capital of state and Bilaspur, Durg, Bhilai, Jagdalpur,Rajnandgaon, Dhamtari, Raigarh, Ambikapur, Korba, Chirmiri, Janjgir, Champa, Kanker, Mahasamund are the major cities of Chhattisgarh.
Chhattisgarh is generally considered as a tribal dominated state as it has a significantly high proportion of tribal population. Tribes of Chhattisgarh account for around one third of the total population of the state. The tribal population of Chhattisgarh is known for their unique lifestyle, rituals, traditional beliefs and superstitions. Tribes of Chhattisgarh inhabit several districts of the state. In Chhattisgarh, Bastar District is considered as the largest tribal district. Bastar District has over 70 percent tribal population. Around 26.76 percent of the total tribal population of the state resides in this district.
This mainly comprises of agriculture, electrical power and steel production. Chhattisgarh’s gross domestic product for the year 2010 is estimated to be Rs 60,079 Crores. The economy of Chhattisgarh has boomed rapidly in the recent years with a growth rate of about 11.49% in Gross Domestic Product for the period 2009–2010.The factors affecting such a high growth rate are due to the growth in agricultural and industrial production. Export of goods is also one of the important spheres of economy in Chhattisgarh which accounts to Rs. 1,766 Crore (2009-2010). The main hub for export is Bhilai (for export of steel) which adds up to 75% of total exports and remaining comes from Bhanpuri, Urla and Sirgitti
According to the census, 2011, the literacy rate in Chhattisgarh’s was at 71.04% which has improved considerably from census, 2001 (64.66%). Male and Female literacy rate as per censes, 2011 are 81.45% and 60.59% respectively. Education in Chhattisgarh is good. There are many universities and colleges that are famous nationally including NIT, Raipur; IIM, Raipur; Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur; RCET, Bhilai etc. Chhattisgarh is mainly famous for the number of engineering colleges which is 49 (till 2011) in total in different cities across the state.
Chhattisgarh’s culture is famous for its performing arts. As Chhattisgarh is in the heart of India, it has been influenced by the folk and performing arts of various forms of other states. Chhattisgarh has many tribal groups among which some are very primitive. All these tribal communities have various dance as well as art forms of their own.The state also hosts religious sects including Satnami Panth, Kabirpanth, Ramnami Samaj, and others. Ratanpur is significant for the Mahamaya Temple. Champaran is a small town with religious significance as it is the place of birth of the Saint Vallabhacharya, significant as a pilgrimage site for the community of Gujarati people. Oriya culture is also prominent in the eastern parts of Chhattisgarh as it borders the state Orissa.
Chhattisgarh has the lowest rate of unemployment, reveals the recently released report of ministry of labour and employment. Chief minister Raman Singh expressed his pleasure over it saying that the Centre’s employment report is positive and promising.Chhattisgarh is one of the youngest and fastest growing states
in India. It is rich in resources like steel, coal, aluminum, tin and bauxite. It has a conducive labour environment and cheap power, and suffi cient water and land is available at a competitive rate. Some of the key thrust sectors where Chhattisgarh holds advantage over other states are mining, iron ore and steel, cement and power.The state government has proposed to develop a Food Processing Park, to be located at Joratarai (40 km from Raipur) on 75 acres of land.
Jobs In Chhattisgarh
Data Entry Operator – 12th Pass – Posted Date 20-Jul-2017
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Accounts Officer – Post Graduate – Posted Date 20-Jul-2017
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