- 1 About State
- 2 About Citizen
Manipur, a little Shangarila located in North-East India, is a Jewel of India. This little corner is a paradise on Earth where Mother Nature has been extra generous in her bounty. Least touched and least discovered Manipur promises to be the great tourist discovery of the 21st century. Manipur has been at the crossroads of Asian economic and cultural exchange for more than 2,500 years. It has long connected the Indian subcontinent to Southeast Asia, enabling migration of people, cultures, and religions
The ancient history of Manipur is unclear and disputed. According to one tradition, the Manipuri people are the Gandharvas – musicians and dancers – in the Vedic texts. Another tradition describes the history of Manipur as a trading route between Indian subcontinent, China, and southeast Asia. It was central to international economic activity and also a witness to wars. The continual movement of peoples, cultures, and ideas through this area made Manipur a melting pot or stew of Indo-Burman culture.
The state is bordered by the Indian states of Nagaland to its north, Mizoram to its south, Assam to its west, and shares an international border with Myanmar to its east. The Barak River, the largest of Manipur, originates in the Manipur Hills and is joined by tributaries, such as the Irang, Maku, and Tuivai. Manipur may be characterized as two distinct physical regions: an outlying area of rugged hills and narrow valleys, and the inner area of flat plain, with all associated landforms. These two areas are distinct in physical features and are conspicuous in flora and fauna.
The government of Manipur is a collective assembly of 60 elected members. Of which 20 are reserved for Scheduled Tribes and 1 for Scheduled Castes. The state sends two representatives to the Lok Sabha of the Parliament of India. The state sends one representative to the Rajya Sabha. The legislature of the state is Unicameral. Representatives are elected for a five-year term to the state assembly and India’s parliament through voting, a process overseen by the offices of the Election Commission of India
Bishnupur, Churachandpur, Moirang, Moreh, Ukhrul, Jiribam, Mayang Imphal, Khongman, Naoriya, Pakhanglakpa are the major cities of Manipur
About 41.35% of Manipuri people are Hindus. Hinduism is mostly professed by Meitei people, who are the majority in the state. However, a large minority of Meitei people practices Sanamahism (traditional Meitei religion) and Christianity. Vaishnavism school of Hinduism became a dominant force in Manipur in the eighteenth century when the king, Garib Niwas (1708–48), declared it as the official State religion.
The gross state domestic product of Manipur at market prices was about 10,188 crore (US$1.6 billion). Its economy is primarily agriculture, forestry, cottage and trade driven. Manipur acts as India’s “Gateway to the East” through Moreh and Tamu towns, the land route for trade between India and Burma and other Southeast Asian countries. Manipur has the highest number of handicrafts units and the highest number of craftspersons in the northeastern region of India.
Manipur schools are run by the state and central government or by the private organisation. Instruction is mainly in English. Under the 10+2+3 plan, students may enroll in general or professional degree programs after passing the Higher Secondary Examination (the grade 12 examination). The main universities are Manipur University, Central Agricultural University and National Institute of Technology, Manipur.
Manipur, a beautiful northeastern state of India, boasts of a rich culture. In the company of vibrant dances and music, the Manipuris find ample of reasons in their fairs & festivals for celebration. Though the lovely people are superstitious sometimes, their belief in religion and customs is certainly creditable. The people of Manipur are very creative and their artistic abilities are best seen in their handloom & handicrafts.
For purposes of development planning, the State has to be divided into two geographical units i.e. the hills and the valley. The traditional district-wise approach will not be feasible as the districts have been formed more out of political and ethnic considerations rather than their economic viability or particularity. Besides, the area covered by a district in Manipur is very small. Agriculture and allied activities provide the backbone to the economy in both the hills and the valley. There is need to bring about structural diversification of the economy and to develop segments other than agriculture and forestry.