Orissa officially spelled Odisha, is a state of India, located on the Southeast coast of India, by the Bay of Bengal. It is the modern name of the ancient kingdom of Kalinga, which was invaded by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka in 261 BCE. The modern state of Orissa was established on April 1, 1936, as a province in British India and consisted predominantly of Oriya speakers. April 1 is therefore celebrated as Utkala Dibasa (foundation day of Orissa). Cuttack remained the capital of the state for over eight centuries until April 13, 1948, when Bhubaneswar was officially declared as the new capital of Orissa, and still is the present capital of this state.
- Junior Clerk – 12th Pass – OSSSC – 09-Aug-2017
- Chowkidar cum Sweeper – 10th Pass – Posted Date 29-Jul-2017
- Warden – Graduate – Posted Date 29-Jul-2017
- Library Professional Trainees – Post Graduate – Posted Date 11-Jul-2017
- Multi Tasking Staff – 10th Pass – Posted Date 24 Jun 2017
Orissa is the 9th largest state by area in India and the 11th largest by population. Oriya (officially spelled Odia) is the official and most widely spoken language, spoken by three-quarters of the population.
Orissa has a relatively unindented coastline (about 480 km long) and lacked good ports, except for the deepwater facility at Paradip, until the recent launch of the Dhamara Port.
The narrow, level coastal strip, including the Mahanadi river delta, supports the bulk of the population.
The ancient kingdom of Kalinga, which was invaded by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka in 261 BCE resulting in the Kalinga War, coincides with the borders of modern-day Odisha.
The modern state of Orissa was established on 1 April 1936, as a province in British India, and consisted predominantly of Odia-speaking regions. April 1 is celebrated as Odisha Day.
The region is also known as Utkala and is mentioned in India’s national anthem, “Jana Gana Mana”. Cuttack was made the capital of the region by Anantavarman Chodaganga in c. 1135, after which the city was used as the capital by many rulers, through the British era until 1948. Thereafter, Bhubaneswar became the capital of Odisha
Odisha lies between the latitudes 17.780N and 22.730N, and between longitudes 81.37E and 87.53E. The state has an area of 155,707 km2, which is 4.87% of total area of India, and a coastline of 450 km. In the eastern part of the state lies the coastal plain.
It extends from the Subarnarekha River in the north to the Rushikulya river in the south. The lake Chilika is part of the coastal plains.
The plains are rich in fertile silt deposited by the six major rivers flowing into the Bay of Bengal: Subarnarekha, Budhabalanga, Baitarani, Brahmani, Mahanadi and Rushikulya.
The Central Rice Research Institute (CRRI), a Food and Agriculture Organization-recognised rice gene bank and research institute, is situated on the banks of Mahanadi in Cuttack.
All states in India are governed by a parliamentary system of government based on the universal adult franchise. India’s parliament is bicameral.
The lower house is called the Lok Sabha. Odisha contributes 21 members to Lok Sabha. They are directly elected by the electorates.
The upper house is called the Rajya Sabha. Odisha contributes 10 members to Rajya Sabha. They are elected by the state’s legislature.The main parties active in the politics of Odisha are the Biju Janata Dal, the Indian National Congress, and Bhartiya Janata Party, CPI(M).
Following the Odisha State Assembly Election in 2014, the Naveen Patnaik-led Biju Janata Dal stayed in power for the fourth consecutive term. The Odisha state has an unicameral legislature.
The Odisha Legislative Assembly consists of 147 elected members, and special office bearers such as the Speaker and Deputy Speaker, who are elected by the members.
Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker, or by the Deputy Speaker in the Speaker’s absence.
The state is dotted with several small and medium towns and cities.
At the turn of the 20th century, however, the role of industry in Odisha increased substantially, leading to a population move into urban areas.
There are a number of major cities in Odisha that deserve a special visit.
Bhubaneswar is the capital of the Indian state of Odisha.Cuttack is the former capital and the second largest city of Odisha is also the headquarters of the Cuttack district.Rourkela, Balasore, Sambalpur, and Brahmapur are the major cities of Odisha.
The majority (over 94%) of people in the state of Odisha are Hindu and there is also a rich cultural heritage in the state. For example, Odisha is home to several Hindu figures.
Sant Bhima Bhoi was a leader of the Mahima sect movement. Sarala Das, a Hindu Khandayat, was the translator of the epic Mahabharata in Odia.
Chaitanya Das was a Buddhistic-Vaishnava and writer of the Nirguna Mahatmya. Jayadeva was the author of the Gita Govinda. The Odisha Temple Authorisation Act of 1948 empowered the Government of Odisha to have Hindu temples open for all Hindus including the Harijans.
Odisha is experiencing steady economic growth.
The impressive growth in gross domestic product of the state has been reported by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
Odisha’s growth rate is above the national average. The central Government’s Urban Development Ministry has recently announced the names of 20 cities selected to be developed as smart cities.
The state capital Bhubaneswar is the first city in the list of smart Cities released in January 2016, a pet project of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
The announcement also marked with sanction of Rs 50,802 crore over the five years for development
The ruins of a major ancient university and center of Buddhist learning, Ratnagiri (Puphagiri), were recently discovered in the Jajpur district of Odisha. Scholars from far away lands, such as Persia and China used to study philosophy, astronomy, mathematics and science at this famed university. Taxila, Nalanda, and Ratnagiri are among the oldest universities in the world. The ruins of Ratnagiri University have not been fully excavated yet.Entry to various institutes of higher education especially into engineering degrees is through a centralized Odisha Joint Entrance Examination, conducted by the Biju Patnaik University of Technology (BPUT), Rourkela, since 2003, where seats are provided according to an order of merit. Few of the engineering institutes enroll students by through Joint Entrance Examination. For medical courses, there is a corresponding All India Pre Medical Test.
Odia is the language spoken by the majority of the people of the state. English is widely used for an official purpose and Odia is used as regional language. Odia belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family and is related to Bengali and Assamese. Tribal languages like Ho, Santhali belonging to and Austro-Asiatic language families are spoken by the Adivasis of the state. The capital city of Bhubaneshwar is known for the exquisite temples that dot its landscape. The classical dance form Odissi originated in Odisha. Contemporary Odisha has a cultural heritage that arose due to the intermingling of four religious traditions – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Satanism. The culture of the Adivasis is an integral part of Odisha heritage. Orissa Ikat is a woven silk product of this region that also is known as “Bandha of Orissa”. It is made through a process of tie-dying the warp and weft threads to create the design on the loom prior to weaving. It is unlike any other ikat is woven in the rest of the country due to its design process, which has been called “poetry on the loom
The economy of Odisha is one of the fastest growing state economies in India. According to the 2014-15 economic survey, Odisha has an agriculture-based economy which is in a transition towards an industry and service-based economy. The primary industries in Odisha are manufacturing; mining and quarrying; electricity, gas and water supply and construction. The industrial sector’s contribution to the state’s GSDP was estimated at 33.45% in 2014-15. Most of Odisha’s industries are mineral-based. Odisha has 25% of India’s iron reserves. It has 10% of India’s production capacity in steel. Odisha is the top aluminum producing the state in India. Two of the largest aluminum plants in India are in Odisha, NALCO and Vedanta Resources. Mining contributed an estimated 6.31% to the GSDP. The service sector contributed an estimated 51% to the GSDP in 2014-15. The primary sub-sectors are the community, social and personal services, which contributed 13.45% to the GSDP; trade, hotels, and restaurants, which contributed 13.09%; financial and insurance services, which contributed 13.64%; and transport, storage, and communication, which contributed 10.99%.The state has a well-developed banking network compared to many states of India. There is one bank branch for every 12,000 people. 90% of the branches are in the rural region. Odisha has 9036.36 MW installed capacity of electricity production, out of which 6753.04 MW is coal-generated. 2166.93 MW is generated by hydropower and 116.39 MW by other renewable sources.
Jobs In Odisha
Junior Clerk – 12th Pass – OSSSC – 09-Aug-2017
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Library Professional Trainees – Post Graduate – Posted Date 11-Jul-2017
- Designation Name : Library Professional Trainees
- Date Posted : 11-Jul-2017
- Last Date : 24-Jul-2017
- Total Vacancies : 04
- Location : State Wide Odisha(jobs in Odisha)
Details regarding Library Professional Trainees job post at CUO
- Age Limit : Maximum age limit is 26 years.
- Age Relaxation: NA
- Pay Scale : Rs.15000/- Per Month
- Nationality : Indian
- Minimum Qualification: A Postgraduate in any discipline of study with Bachelor Degree in Library & Information Science from a recognized Institute/University. or Master Degree in Library & Information Science from a recognized Institute/University. (post-graduate-jobs)
- Selection Process : Selection will be based on Interview.
- Application Fee : NA
- Application Mode : Apply Offline
- How To Apply : Interested Candidates may Attend Walk-in-Interview along with a brief CV, original certificates, mark sheets and other testimonials for verification at the time of Interview.Note:-
Venue Of Interview: Landiguda Campus, Central University of Orissa, Koraput.
Important Dates for Library Professional Trainees at CUO
- Application Opening Date : NA
- Application Closing Date : 24-Jul-2017
- Last Date for Challan Generation : NA
- Last Date for Payment of Fee : NA
- Date of Exam : NA
- Date of Interview : 24.07.2017 at 09.30 A.M
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Chowkidar cum Sweeper – 10th Pass – Posted Date 29-Jul-2017
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Warden – Graduate – Posted Date 29-Jul-2017
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Multi Tasking Staff – 10th Pass – Posted Date 24 Jun 2017
Designation Name : Multi Tasking Staff
Total Vacancies : 144
Location : State Wide Odisha – India
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Age Limit : Minimum and maximum age limit is 18 to 25 years as on 22.07.2017
Age Relaxation: SC and ST Category 5 years and OBC-NCL Category 3 years.
Pay Scale : Rs.18000/- Per Month
Nationality : Indian
Minimum Qualification: Candidate should pass Matriculation or ITI from recognized Boards.
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Selection Process : Selection will be based on Aptitude Test.
Application Fee : Cost of application form Rs.100/- for all categories of applications who have Applying and Examination fee for all male candidates in General, OBC categories is Rs 400/-. Candidates belonging to SC/ST, Ex-Servicemen/Women are exempted for payment of Application fee.
Application Mode : Apply Online
How To Apply : Candidates may apply online through the website www.odisha.postalcareers.in from 23.06.2017 to 22.07.2017 thereafter website link will be disabled.
Application Opening Date : 23.06.2017
Application Closing Date : 22-Jul-2017
Last Date for Challan Generation : NA
Last Date for Payment of Fee : NA
Date of Exam : NA
Date of Interview : NA
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