- 1 About State
- 2 About Citizen
Uttar Pradesh abbreviated as UP, is the most populous state in the Republic of India as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world. The state, located in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent, has over 200 million inhabitants. It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces during British rule, and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950. Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh. Ghaziabad, Bulandsahar, Kanpur, Bhadohi, Raebareli, Moradabad, Bareilly, Aligarh, Sonbhadra, and Varanasi are known for their industrial importance in the state. On 9 November 2000, a new state, Uttarakhand, was carved out from the Himalayan hill region of Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh was home to powerful empires of ancient and medieval India. The two major rivers of the state, the Ganges and Yamuna, join at Allahabad and then flow as the Ganges further east. The state has several historical, natural, and religious tourist destinations, such as, Agra, Varanasi, Raebareli, Kaushambi, Ballia, Shravasti, Gorakhpur, Chauri Chaura , Kushinagar, Lucknow, Jhansi, Allahabad, Budaun, Meerut, Mathura, Muzaffarnagar and Shahjahanpur.In ancient times, Uttar Pradesh was known as the Madhya Desh. Being on the route of invaders from north-west and forming part of the rich fertile plain between Delhi and Patna, its history is closely linked to the history of north India. Although not much is known about its pre and post historic periods, discovery of arms and implements of ancient and neo-paleolithic age in excavations in Mirzapur, Sonebhadra, Bundelkhand and Sarai Nahar area of Pratapgarh and of Harappan objects in Almgirpur in Meerut take us back to remore antiquity.
Uttar Pradesh, with a total area of 243,290 square kilometres (93,935 sq mi), is India’s fourth largest state in terms of land area. It is situated on the northern spout of India and shares an international boundary with Nepal. The Himalayas border the state on the north, but the plains that cover most of the state are distinctly different from those high mountains.The larger Gangetic Plain region is in the north; it includes the Ganges-Yamuna Doab, the Ghaghra plains, the Ganges plains and the Terai. The smaller Vindhya Range and plateau region is in the south. It is characterised by hard rock strata and a varied topography of hills, plains, valleys and plateaus.
The state is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy. Uttar Pradesh is one of the seven states in India, where the state legislature is bicameral, comprising two houses: the Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) and the Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council).The Legislative Assembly consists of 404 members who are elected for five-year terms. The Legislative Council is a permanent body of 100 members with one-third (33 members) retiring every two years. Since Uttar Pradesh sends the largest number of legislators to the national Parliament, it is often considered to be one of the most important states with respect to Indian politics.The state contributes 80 seats to the lower house of the Indian Parliament, Lok Sabha and 31 seats to the upper house of the Indian Parliament, Rajya Sabha.
Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh. Noida, Greator Noida, Ghaziabad, Bulandsahar, Kanpur, Bhadohi, Raebareli, Moradabad, Bareilly, Aligarh, Sonbhadra, and Varanasi are known for their industrial importance in the state.The state has several historical, natural, and religious tourist destinations, such as, Agra, Varanasi, Raebareli, Kaushambi, Ballia, Shravasti, Gorakhpur, Chauri Chaura , Kushinagar, Lucknow, Jhansi, Allahabad, Budaun, Meerut, Mathura, Muzaffarnagar and Shahjahanpur.State industries are localised in the Kanpur region, the fertile purvanchal lands and the Noida region. The Mughalsarai is home to a number of major locomotive plants. Major manufacturing products include engineering products, electronics, electrical equipment, cables, steel, leather, textiles, jewellery, frigates, automobiles, railway coaches, and wagons.
In Uttar Pradesh, there were 548 persons per sq. km. in the year 1991, which have gone up to 690 persons in 2001 and further 828 persons in 2011. It reflects that from the population density point of views, weightage of persons per Km. area is increasing.In view of its population, political awareness, historical and cultural legacy, participation in freedom movement etc. Uttar Pradesh has been an extremely significant State. In this State, 16.17% population of whole India inhabits.
In terms of net state domestic product (NSDP), Uttar Pradesh is the third largest economy in India after Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu and contributes 7.8% to India’s GDP, with an NSDP of 9,760 billion (US$150 billion). Sugarcane is the most important cash crop as the state is country’s largest producer of Sugar.The Uttar Pradesh Financial Corporation (UPFC) was established in the year 1954 under the SFCs Act of 1951 mainly to develop small and medium scale industries in the state.The state is attracting foreign direct investment which has mostly come in the software and electronics fields; Noida and Lucknow are becoming a major hub for the information technology (IT) industry and houses the headquarters of most of the major corporate, media and financial institutions. Sonebhadra, a district in eastern Uttar Pradesh, has large-scale industries. Its southern region is known as the Energy Capital of India.
Uttar Pradesh has a long tradition of education, although historically it was primarily confined to the elite class and religious schools.Schools in the state are either managed by the government or by private trusts. Hindi is used as a medium of instruction in most of the schools except those affiliated to the CBSE or the Council for ICSE boards. Under the 10+2+3 plan, after completing secondary school, students typically enroll for 2 years in a junior college, also known as pre-university, or in schools with a higher secondary facility affiliated with the Uttar Pradesh Board of High School and Intermediate Education or a central board.The Integral University, a state level institution, was established by the Uttar Pradesh Government to provide education in different technical, applied science, and other disciplines.
Uttar Pradesh in one of the most ancient cradles of Indian culture. While it is true that no Harappa and Mohan-Jodaro have been discovered in the State, the antiquities found in Banda (Bundelkhand), Mirzapur and Meerut link its History to early Stone Age and Harappan era. Chalk drawings or dark red drawings by primitive men are extensively found in the Vindhyan ranges of Mirzapur districts. Utensils of that age have also been discovered in Atranji-Khera, Kaushambi, Rajghat and Sonkh. Copper articles have been found in Kanpur, Unnao, Mirzapur, Mathura and advent of the Aryans in this State. It is most probable that snapped links between the Indus Valley and Vedic civilizations lie buried under the ruins of ancient sites found in this State.
Cities are developing fast and giving light to the hopes of people wants employment. Big Companies are also moving into the state and giving strength to the infrastructure of Uttar Pradesh. After rising of Noida lots of jobs opening for every age limits. Lots of Jobs Offered by private and limited companies in western Uttar Pradesh in last years. Digitalization also helping in growing more jobs. There are lots of opportunities for Jobs in all fast-growing sectors. In UP there is also more jobs in Govt. sector compares to other states. UP’s capital Lucknow, with its excellent education, commercial, banking and legal infrastructure, is witnessing rapid growth in information technology; banking, retailing, construction and other service sectors becoming a hub of Jobs in Uttar Pradesh. NOIDA, Greater NOIDA, Ghaziabad etc., which lie in National Capital Region (NCR) are rapid growing areas providing more and more jobs at this time.
Jobs In Uttar Pradesh
Accounts Officer – Graduate – Posted Date 14-Jul-2017
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