NRSC: National Remote Sensing Centre, is a full-fledged center of ISRO. NRSC was functioning as an autonomous body called National Remote Sensing Agency (NRSA) under Department of Space (DOS) till August 2008. The Centre is responsible for remote sensing satellite data acquisition and processing, data dissemination, aerial remote sensing and decision support for disaster management.
|NRSC Fullform||National Remote Sensing Centre|
|Type||Government of India owned|
|Formed||2nd September 1974|
|Headquarters||Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh|
|KeyPerson||Dr. Y.V.N. Krishna Murthy(Director)|
|Products||Satalite Data Products|
|Parent Agency||Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)|
|Contact||+91 40 2387 9572, +91 40 2387 9573, +91 40 2387 9574|
National Remote Sensing Agency (NRSA) was established as a registered society on 2nd September 1974 by Department of Science & Technology, based on a Union Cabinet approval dated December 13, 1973. The objective of the organisation being undertaking and facilitating remote sensing activities in the country. Since the initial emphasis was on aerial surveys, NRSA took over the works and functions of Research Flight Facility of the Ministry of Defence. The NRSA Society’s governing body was chaired by none other than the then Prime Minister of India, Mrs. Indira Gandhi. NRSA started functioning from hired premises in Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh from mid-April 1975.
As per the instructions of Govt of Andhra Pradesh, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) transferred 25 acres of land to NRSC during January 1976 and a master plan to construct essential buildings evolved. Indian Photo Interpretation Institute (IPI) of Survey of India, Dehra Dun under the Department of Science and Technology was merged with NRSA in 1977.
As per the MOU signed between India and USA authorizing and setting up of an earth station to receive earth resources data directly from the Landsat series of the satellite launched by NASA. During 1977-78, the Govt of Andhra Pradesh allotted 316 acres of land near Shadnagar, south of Hyderabad and by 1st January 1980, the earth station was declared operational. With that NRSA established the first operational satellite data reception facility in the country.
NRSA was transferred from DST to new created Department of Space in 1980 as an autonomous center. Indian Photo-interpretation Institute was renamed as Indian Institute of Remote Sensing in 1983. On 1st November 1995, the UN affiliated Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in Asia and the Pacific (CSSTE-AP) was created and hosted by Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS), Dehradun. On September 1, 2008, NRSA was converted from an autonomous organization to a fully Government organization under ISRO and renamed National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC).
IIRS was made as the independent unit under Management Council on April 30, 2011, and thus ceased to be a part of NRSC. During December 2009 Regional Remote Sensing Service Centres located at Dehradun, Kolkata, Jodhpur, Nagpur, and Bengaluru were amalgamated with NRSC and renamed as Regional Remote Sensing Centres. Regional Remote Sensing Centre, Dehradun was merged with Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS), Dehradun by November 1, 2011.
Campus: National Remote Sensing Centre has the campus at Balanagar, Shadnagar, and Jeedimetla in Hyderabad. The Earth Station complex for receiving satellite data is at Shadnagar, about 60 km from Hyderabad. The aerial data acquisition and processing facilities are located at Hyderabad airport and at Jeedimetla in Hyderabad. Regional Remote Sensing Centres are located at Kolkata, Jodhpur, Nagpur and BengaluruRegional Remote Sensing Centre, Central is strategically located at Nagpur, the second capital of Maharashtra, to cater the needs of users in the states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Chhattisgarh which constitute around 23 % of the country geographical area.
Regional Remote Sensing Centre, West is located on the campus of Central Arid Zone Research Institute (CAZRI), a unit of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Jodhpur, Rajasthan. The center is well connected with North Western railways. The Jodhpur city has its own airport which is only 10 km away from the center.Regional Remote Sensing Centre, South is located in ISITE Campus, Karthik Nagar, Marathahalli Outer Ring Road, Bengaluru. RRSC, South primarily focuses on the Southern States viz. Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Pondicherry and Andaman & Nicobar Islands in providing Remote Sensing (RS) & Geographical Information System (GIS) based solutions towards mapping and management of natural resources.
Regional Remote Sensing Centre, East is situated in BG-2, AA-1A, Jyothi Basu Nagar (New Town), Kolkata, West Bengal, India. It represents the Eastern and North-Eastern regions of the country. The Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is 15 km from the center.
NRSC Activities: National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) is an important segment of ISRO with the mandate of
- Providing Earth observation (EO) Data from space and aerial platforms
- Develop technologies & applications for Natural Resources Management
- To Provide support for monitoring and Management of Disaster
- Capacity building for utilization of EO data
The Activities of the Centre includes:
- Planning, Acquisition, Processing and Dissemination of satellite data from various Indian & foreign satellites
- Extending services to set up ground stations and processing facilities
- Carrying out Aerial Surveys and Large Scaling Mapping applications
- Providing Geospatial solutions to users
- Extending a 24X7 service to support disaster monitoring and management
- Outreach through training, workshops, student projects & promotional activities related to remote sensing applications at regional and national level.
Satellite Data Products:
Starting with IRS-1A in 1988, ISRO has launched many operational remote sensing satellites. Today, India has one of the largest constellations of remote sensing satellites in operation. Currently, eleven operational satellites are in orbit – RESOURCESAT-1 and 2, CARTOSAT-1, 2, 2A, 2B, RISAT-1 and 2, OCEANSAT-2, Megha-Tropiques, and SARAL. Varieties of instruments have been flown onboard these satellites to provide necessary data in a diversified spatial, spectral and temporal resolutions to cater to different user requirements in the country and for global usage.
The data from these satellites are used for several applications covering agriculture, water resources, urban planning, rural development, mineral prospecting, environment, forestry, ocean resources and disaster management.National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) is the focal point for distribution of remote sensing satellite data products in India and its neighboring countries. NRSC has an earth station at Shadnagar, about 55Km from Hyderabad, to receive data.